An Electron-Deficient Azacoronene Obtained by Radial π-Extension

Żyła-Karwowska, M.; Zhylitskaya, H.; Cybińska, J.; Lis, T.; Chmielewski, P.J.; Stępień, M.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 14658-14662 | view at publisher's site

A hexapyrrolohexaazacoronene derivative containing 37 fused rings, the largest such system to date, was obtained from a naphthalenomonoimide−pyrrole hybrid in a concise and efficient synthesis. This large heterocycle is electron-deficient and shows extended redox activity, spanning at least 13 oxidation levels, but is
otherwise chemically stable. Radial expansion of the π system creates a chromophore characterized by strong fluorescence and solvatochromism in the neutral state, and strong near-infrared absorption in the charged states. Additionally, the enlarged and ruffled aromatic surface supports a unique self-assembly mode in the crystal, leading to the formation of highly solvated organic clathrates.